Hungerford, Sir Walter

(d. 1516)
   A member of a Lancastrian family, Walter Hungerford loyally served EDWARD IV in the 1470s but abandoned RICHARD III and the house of YORK after 1483.
   The son of Robert HUNGERFORD, Lord Hungerford, who was beheaded by the Yorkists after the Battle of HEXHAM in 1464, and the brother of Sir Thomas HUNGERFORD, who was executed by Edward IV for supposedly plotting with Lancastrian agents in 1469, Walter Hungerford took no sides during the 1469–1471 phase of the WARS OF THE ROSES. In the 1470s, he entered the service of Edward IV, becoming lieutenant of Dover Castle and sheriff of Wiltshire in 1478–1479. He also became one of the king’s esquires of the body (i.e., a personal royal servant), accompanied the king on the French expedition of 1475, and recovered a portion of his family’s influence in the West Country, serving as M.P. (i.e., Member of PARLIAMENT) for Wiltshire in 1478 and 1483.
   However, after Richard III usurped the throne of his nephew, EDWARD V, in 1483 (see Usurpation of 1483), Hungerford, although courted with gifts by the new king, maintained his allegiance to the sons of Edward IV and joined Lionel WOODVILLE, Giles Daubeney, and others in leading the southwestern phase of BUCKINGHAM’S REBELLION. Hungerford was pardoned after the failure of the uprising, but his West Country estates were granted to some of Richard’s loyal northern supporters (see Richard III, Northern Affinity of).
   In 1485, Hungerford and Sir Thomas Bourchier were summoned to join the royal army at Nottingham, where Richard awaited the invasion of Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond. Suspicious of their loyalty, Richard supposedly ordered Sir Robert BRACKENBURY to escort both men to his camp. Somewhere along the way, Hungerford and Bourchier escaped from Brackenbury and joined Richmond, with whom they fought at the Battle of BOSWORTH FIELD on 22 August. Knighted on the field by HENRY VII, Hungerford was restored to his family estates and admitted to the royal COUNCIL. He served the new king on several diplomatic and military missions and assisted in the defeat of the Yorkist pretender, Perkin WARBECK, in 1497. Hungerford died in 1516, after years of loyal service to the house of TUDOR.
   Further Reading: Gill, Louise, Richard III and Buckingham’s Rebellion (Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1999); Hicks, Michael, “Piety and Lineage in the Wars of the Roses: The Hungerford Experience,” in Ralph A. Griffiths and James Sherborne, eds., Kings and Nobles in the Later Middle Ages (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986), pp. 90–108; Ross, Charles, Richard III (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hungerford, Sir Thomas — (d. 1469)    As the son and heir of Robert HUNGERFORD, Lord Hungerford, an attainted and executed Lancastrian, Sir Thomas Hungerford fell under suspicion of plotting the overthrow of EDWARD IV in 1468.    Although the ATTAINDER passed against his …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury — Sir Walter Hungerford (1503 ndash; 1540) created Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury in 1536, was the son and heir of Sir Edward Hungerford. His mother was Sir Edward s first wife, Jane. He was born in 1503 at Heytesbury in Wiltshire, England. [cite… …   Wikipedia

  • Hungerford Market — was a market in London, near Charing Cross on the Strand, housed in two different buildings on the same site from around 1680 to 1862. The first market was held from about 1680 in a London house of the Hungerford family. This building became… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford — Sir Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford (22 June 1378 ndash; 9 August 1449) was the son and heir of Sir Thomas Hungerford and Joan Hussey.He served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1414 to 1415. He was made a baron in 1426 and served… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir John St. John, 1st Baronet — (1585 ndash; 1648) of Lydiard Tregoze and Battersea, Wiltshire, England and Sheriff of Wiltshire from 1632 to 1633. He was the youngest of five children born to Sir John St. John and Lucy Hungerford.He married twice, first to Anne Leighton,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hungerford — This is a locational surname whose ancestors were of some considerable nobility. It derives from the town of Hungerford, although the family seat is Farley Castle, Somerset. The town name is first recorded in the year 1101 in the reign of King… …   Surnames reference

  • Hungerford — For other uses, see: Hungerford (disambiguation) Coordinates: 51°24′52″N 1°30′53″W / 51.4144°N 1.5146°W / 51.4144; 1.5146 …   Wikipedia

  • Farleigh Hungerford — infobox UK place country = England official name= Farleigh Hungerford population = os grid reference = ST800574 latitude= 51.3160 longitude= 2.2872 unitary england= Bath and North East Somerset lieutenancy england=Somerset region= South West… …   Wikipedia

  • Mary Hungerford — (born circa 1468 – died before 10 July 1533) was the daughter of Sir Thomas Hungerford of Rowden and Anne, daughter of Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland. Contents 1 Titles 2 Marriage and children 3 Ancestry …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hungerford — Sir Thomas (de) Hungerford (c. 1330 ndash; 3 December 1397) was the first person to be recorded in the rolls of the Parliament of England as holding the (pre existing) office of Speaker of the House of Commons. [ [http://www.british… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.